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types of forest in europe

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The EEA is an agency of the European Union, — Coniferous Forest. Expertisecentrum LNV, Ministerie van landbouw, natuur en voedselkwaliteit, Ede. 7 forests in Europe you can reach by train: Black Forest, Germany. Two different earth-observation products (Kempeneers et al. The forest biome is one of the most important terrestrial ecosystems on our planet. This article is a list of European countries by forest area. European forest classifications. Note: There is an earlier version of the forest map available that includes maps on coniferous and broadleaved forest in Europe. A European timberline mask compiled by Schuck et al. The tropical rainforests are found between latitudes 23.5o N and 23.5o S. The temperatures in these forests range between 68o and 77o Fahrenheit throughout the year. Types of Forests - There are basically 3 types of forests that are briefly described below - Evergreen Forests, Deciduous Forest and Coniferous forest. The map can be accessed free of charge after completing a simple registration process. 4. temperate evergreen forest 4. Sergey.Zudin(at)efi.int, Simo.Varis(at)efi.int, Resilient landscapes to face catastrophic forest fires, Wood production maps for European forests, forest/non-forest map of the EC Joint Research Centre, Päivinen, R., Lehikoinen, M., Schuck, A., Häme, T., Väätäinen, S., Kennedy, P., Folving, S., 2001, Schuck, A., Van Brusselen, J., Päivinen, R., Häme, T., Kennedy, P.and Folving, S. 2002, Bundesforschungs- und Ausbildungszentrum fuer Wald, Naturgefahren und Landschaft. The European forest types — Categories and types for sustainable forest management reporting and policy presents the findings of a study carried out by an international consortium of experts aimed at providing the Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE) with an user‑friendly forest types classification. NOAA-AVHRR forest share estimates at 1km resolution (Schuck et al. MFV 2002. Species‐rich Mediterranean forest types (i.e., FT8, FT9 and FT10) were particularly scarce in our map (Supporting Information Figures S2 and S3). Rapport EC-LNV nr. Portugalhas recorded one of the highest numbers of wildfires in Europe since 1993. Tropical rain forests grow around the equator in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia. Mediterranean Forests 4. Percentage data was calculated using information from the CIA's World Factbook 2011. Ministerio de Medio Ambiente. View this post on Instagram. 2) In addition, country-level statistics on forest area published by Forest Europe 2011 were applied for all countries covered by the map. These crazy trees definitely deserve a spot on the list of weirdest trees on earth. United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre divides the World's Forest into 26 major types, which reflect climatic zones as well as the principal types of Trees. 2011. The UK had the second-lowest forest cover in Europe in 2010 - similar to the Republic of Moldava, Ireland, and the Nederlands. Forest resources in Europe: an integrated perspective on ecosystem services, disturbances and threats. The combined forest cover map shows the %share of forest in each 1x1km-pixel, but differs from official statistics which was tackled in the next step. A published report in 2013 “Mapping the distribution of forest ownership in Europe” by Pamela Pulla, Andreas Schuck, Pieter Johannes Verkerk, Bruno Lasserre, Marco Marchetti and Tim Green contributes to a better knowledge of forest ownership … These trees are exactly suited to the harsh, frosty weather that these types of forests face. Data fusion of different spatial resolution remote sensing images applied to forest type mapping, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 49(12): 4977-4986. (2011) and Schuck et al. 13 describes methodological aspects ( download here). The temperate deciduous forest is also called temperate broad-leaf forest. Past forests of Europe The European Union has close to 182 million hectares of forests covering 43% of its land area and these forest areas are one of Europe's most important renewable resources. (2002). 1. Please go to the registration page if you would like to get access to the GIS layer and high resolution image of the forest map. This is achieved by first determining the ratio between the forest area in the map and in the statistics for each region. Boreal forest – 25 – 15 – – – – – – 15: 25: X: 2. The coniferous and broadleaved forest maps do not include Cyprus and Turkey. forests by potential forest types are presented. Most tropical f… The EFI Technical Report No. The degree of hemeroby(human i… Finally all pixels exceeding a forest share of 100% after multiplication, are set back to a value of 100. Even a small action can make an enormous difference when millions of people do it! EEA Web Team, Software updated on when summing up all forest area in a country the result corresponds to the respective statistics. Katja Gunia, Jo Van Brusselen, Risto Päivinen, Sergey Zudin, Elena Zudina. Discussions are under way on a legally binding agreement on forest management and sustainable use. 2011) is based on IRS and SPOT data and covers the EU27 countries + Norway, Switzerland, Turkey and the Balkan area. Read traveler reviews, browse photos, and book Eastern Europe forest tours. from version 20.10.13, Software version: 2011 and Schuck et al. Temperate Broad-leaved Deciduous and Mixed Forest 5. European Forest Types North Europe Central-West Central-East South-East Range Species poor EFT; Denmark Estonia Lithuania Sweden Switzerland Czech Rep. Hungary Slovakia Croatia Slovenia; 1. Portugal had the highest number of forest fires in Europe in 2016, with a total of 13,261 fires. Forest bio-based economy in Europe. The utilized forest/non-forest map of the EC Joint Research Centre (Kempeneers et al. EU forests are exceptionally diverse, with a large variety of forest types, characteristics and ownership structures. The main aim of the project targets at utilising most effectively both Earth Observation data and recent forest statistical information. Russian Federation) were adjusted to the internationally harmonized statistics by Forest Europe 2011 at national level, to allow for comparability between the countries. Montane ‘Cloud’ Forests See a Eastern Europe forests map. Tropical evergreen forest 2. This website has limited functionality with javascript off. EEA Plone KGS 20.11.21. Hemiboreal and nemoral coniferous and mixed broadleaved-coniferous forest: 27: 5: 36: 17: 14: 18 – 22: 38: 11: 5: 38 3. 23 November 2020 18:51 The satellite-based forest cover data was first calibrated to sum up to the forest area statistics within a given administrative region. A wide variety of boreal, temperate and sub-tropical forest types are represented, as well as tundra and montane formations. Do something for our planet, print this page only if needed. Skogsstatistisk årsbok 2009 (Swedish Statistical Yearbook of Forestry 2009), Skogsstyrelsen (Swedish Forest Agency), Jönköping 2009. 2001, Figure 2) have been used to extend the map up to the Ural mountains, namely covering Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, European part of the Russian Federation. The EU also participates in numerous international activities relating to forests (in particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). The calibration iteratively adjusts the pixel values in a region to sum up with the statistics while keeping the forest share per pixel below the maximum possible limit of 100%. http://www.bundeswaldinventur.de, Skove og Plantager 2000. Various sources of data were used to compile the map according to the availability of data: 1) Recent national forest inventory (NFI) statistics on forest area were used at the sub-national level for 19 European countries, including the European part of the Russian Federation (Table 1). Researchers from European Forest Institute (EFI) prepared, for the first time, the visualisation of the ownership distribution in Europe. It was aggregated from 25m resolution to 1km by summing up the forest area for each 1x1km pixel (Figure 1). 2011) Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, … Farming and forestry remain crucial for land use and the management This type of forest is mainly found in the Northern hemisphere. For more background information on the quality of the input maps please refer to Kempeneer et al. Scandinavia is relatively rich in oil and natural gas, and is a major fishing center. temperate deciduous forest 5. 2001), National forest inventory statistics (Table 1) In a second run, all European countries (excl. Europe's 1 million hectares of forests comprise 27 percent of the world's total forested area and cover 45 percent of the European landscape. Equatorial Moist Evergreen or Rainforest: Location: European Forest Types: tree species matrix. Alpine forest – – – 100: … The low share of primary forest in Western Europe was expected considering the historically high population density, and long history of land use, especially in the Mediterranean (Jepsen et al., 2015). They don’t experience winter and normally receive 100 inches of rain annually. (1) To analyse attitudes and constraints of different forest owner types in Europe and the ongoing changes (2) To explore innovative management approaches for new forest owner types (3) To study effective policy instruments with a comparative analysis approach Enter the password to open this PDF file: Order a printed copy on the EU Publications website. The calibration achieves an overall fit of the map with the statistics at regional and country level, i.e. The total a… Dirkse, G.M., Daamen, W.P., Schoonderwoerd, H., Paasman, J.M., 2003. Although Russia has the largest forest cover in the world, extensive coverage of its forest lies within the Asian continent. Warm Temperate Broad-leaved Deciduous Forest 6. 2002, Päivinen et al. 2011), Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine, Russian Federation: Forest share estimates based on AVHRR NOAA satellite data of 1996-1998 (Figure 2, Schuck et al. These older maps (coniferous and broadleaved forest) can be accessed through the same link above. However, at the local level the map might differ from the real situation due to uncertainties in the applied remote sensing products and the changes introduced by the calibration procedure. PDF document, Direccão-Geral das Florestas, Lisboa 2001. We are working on a new updated version of these maps. Statistical data on forest area and its distribution for different forest classes are traditionally available through national forest inventory statistics and other national and international forest statistical sources. Skog & Landskap (Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute): Forest inventory statistics, http://www.skogoglandskap.no/temaer/statistikk_fra_landsskogstakseringen. Countries. Tropical rainforests boast the great diversity of species of all ecosystems on earth. http://web.bfw.ac.at/i7/oewi.oewi0002, 1994-2004 (Wallony), 1997-1999 (Flanders). As a result, Sweden has the most forest cover of any European country. This process is repeated until the difference between forest area in map and statistics falls below a specified threshold (0.05%). Meetnet functievervulling bos. Historical and contemporary human activity has profoundly influenced the composition of forests in the densely populated region of Central Europe. The natural resources of northern Europe are largely in metals such as bauxite (to make aluminum), copper and iron ore. Inventário florestal nacional Portugal continental, 3. revisão, 1995-1998. European forests: an ecological overview. Such areas were automatically assigned a 0 value. 2002 / Päivinen et al. Some northern European countries such as Denmark have some reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Figure 3 demonstrates the spatial level of detail for the applied statistics. The oldest evidence of human and forest interaction in Central Europe is the use of hand axes about 500 thousand years ago. The EEA Web CMS works best with following browsers: Internet Explorer is not recommended for the CMS area. Decomposition happens at an incredibly fast rate in these forests, thanks to the high te… The ancient trees, mixed with the foggy atmosphere, gives this forest a mystical, kind of creepy air. 9.44 MB (9894374 bytes), Classification of the ICP Forests Level 1 plots with respect to main categories of the European Forest Types, Carbon dioxide emissions from Europe's heavy-duty vehicles, Sign up to receive our news notifications, https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2006_9, European Environment Information and Observation Network (Eionet), Biodiversity Information System for Europe, European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register, Information Platform for Chemical Monitoring, Marine Water Information System for Europe, Fresh Water Information System for Europe. (2002) was implemented to exclude areas considered above the timberline from the calibration process (Figure 4). Table 1: Overview of applied national forest inventory statistics with data at sub-national level (administrative regions). Earth Observation data are regarded as a cost-efficient means for locating different types of vegetation cover at the ground level. The six types of forest are: 1. A post shared by Arthur Litau (@arthurlitau) on Oct 3, 2018 at 11:15pm PDT. Kempeneers, P., Sedano, F., Seebach, L., Strobl, P., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. For references, please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/technical_report_2006_9 or scan the QR code. It applies a previously developed calibration method to produce a comprehensive and complete European map on forest area at 1 x 1 kilometre resolution. 2003/231. Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. Forest Type # 1. As you can tell from the name, it rains a lot in these forests. Wallony: Walloon Forest Inventory 1994-2004, http://environnement.wallonie.be/; EFISCEN database, http://www.efi.int/portal/virtual_library/databases/efiscen/inventory_database/, WSL, Schweizerisches Landesforestinventar, LFI 3, 2004/2006 (Third Swiss forest inventory), http://www.lfi.ch/resultate/anleitung-en.php, Results of the national forest inventory in the Czech Republic 2001 - 2004, http://www.uhul.cz/en/il/NIL_AJ.pdf, Zweite Deutsche Bundeswaldinventur (BWI 2). Here in Europe, these forests are an extremely rare reminder of the past, living ancestors of the once great forests that covered much of Europe. It is also found in some areas of southern South America and Australasia, the regions of East Asia, Europe, and North America. This second calibration slightly changed the results of the previous regional-level calibration if there were differences between NFI statistics and Forest Europe 2011 data. Engineered by: Uncertainties are higher for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova and Russia, since the input map used for these areas is of much lower resolution (1000m) than the one used for the rest of Europe (25m). Russian Federation) were adjusted to the values at the level of sub-national administrative regions. BFW Wien, Austria. They are based on AVHRR-NOAA satellite data (1996-1998) and were calibrated to older statistics (TBFRA 2000 country statistics, national forest inventory statistics). Still, the overall distribution of forest area between the different regions in a country (as stated in NFI statistics) remained the same also after the country-level calibration. Forest Europe is still the main political initiative on forests at pan-European level. Even though they cover only a small part of the earth, they house at least one half of all species. Two new experimental tools have been introduced in the framework of the «State of Forests and Sustainable Forest Management in Europe 2011»: (i) pilot reporting by 14 classes of European Forest Types (EFTs) for a selection of quantitative SFM indicators; (ii) key parameters for monitoring progress for all quantitative indicators. They have the highest species diversity per area in the world, containing millions of different species. Denmark's Statistics, June 2002. http://www.dst.dk/publikation.aspx?cid=3132, Tercer Inventario Forestal Nacional 1997-2007. Based on IRS-P6 LISS-III, SPOT4 (HRVIR) and SPOT5 HRG satellite data of 2006 (Figure 1, Kempeneers et al. Europe is the sixth largest continent, but it has the largest forest cover with over 1,015 million hectares. Otzarreta Forest, Spain. National Inventory of Woodland and Trees, http://www.forestry.gov.uk/website/forestry.nsf/byunique/infd-86xc6c, Federal Forestry Agency Moscow, official forest statistics for 2011. Every forest area in Liechtenstein has a purpose within a framework of the National Forest Inventory, and which recognises forest ecosystems meeting the needs of wild nature, recreation, wood production, and a protective function for forest that is common across continental Europe (9). Hemeroby ( human i… tropical rain forests grow around the equator in South America,,! Sub-National administrative regions ) ( the CCI project ) trees are exactly suited to the values the! At utilising most effectively both earth Observation data and covers the EU27 countries + Norway,,. Atmosphere, gives this forest a mystical, kind of creepy air trees like oak, maple, in! Disturbances and threats 100: … the forest area at 1 X 1 kilometre resolution types are represented as. 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