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when to transplant lettuce seedlings

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Transplant the young lettuce seedlings to the garden when the danger of real hard frost is past. Tip #4: Starting Lettuce Seeds in a Garden. As you can tell from the above picture, Romaine lettuce tends to grow straight up from the ground and is one of the most popular types of lettuce used in restaurants. Then turn your existing small pot upside down, pinch the bottom of it, and then gently pull the soil and your plant out. Sow 4–6 seeds/inch in rows at least 2" apart. It will take approximately 10 days for your seeds to germinate or “pop” through the soil. While there are hundreds of varieties of lettuce you can grow, I am recommending 4 kinds to choose from. And if you don’t have the time or ability to create compost then I recommend buying. Below, is a 2 step process for transplanting your Lettuce outside into your garden. Water the seedlings a few hours before you transplant them, so that the stems and leaves are turgid and the growing mix will stick to and protect the roots. Immediately after you do this, spray the soil about 5 to 10 times. Tip #5: Effectively Care for your Lettuce THIS Way! Transplanting into a container about 25 percent larger is ideal. 3–4 weeks before field planting, sow in 128-cell. This is a fun part, though. Transplants can be more resistant to insect and other pest pressure because they are more mature and stronger when you first put them into your garden. Using soil-free starting mix is another option. During the transplants’ last week indoors, withhold fertilizer and water less often to condition them … Keep holes approximately 2 feet apart to allow for the most lettuce grow. These are the easiest types when trying to learn how to grow lettuce from seed. If you will be keeping your lettuce plants in containers all year then you will want a well-draining potting mix that provides the correct amount of nutrients like Miracle-Gro Potting Mix. Continue doing this until you harvest your lettuce mid-summer. Shortly after they emerge, you can transplant the seedlings into a slightly larger container. Baby Leaf: Harvest about 1" above the growing point when leaves reach desired harvestable length, about 3–4" long. Johnny's Selected Seeds 955 Benton Ave. Winslow, Maine 04901 * 1-877-564-6697. If using seedlings that you grew indoors, wait until a cool and cloudy day to transplant as the seedlings won’t fare well in hot, sunny weather. Similarly, if you bought the seedling lettuce instead of seeds, this will be a necessary step. To help prevent this I recommend planting it in a raised garden bed. Sow every 2–3 weeks for a continuous supply of either full heads or salad mix. You will know when to harvest Iceberg lettuce when it forms a head like the picture above. If you wash your lettuce and place it in a zip-lock bag your lettuce can last 2-3 days. The goal with hybrids is to produce a plant that contains the best features of both parent plants. The cotyledons are turning yellow and falling off Please Note:  At this time orders may require 2 business days to process. Finally, looseleaf has the highest nutritional value but also is known to bolt or seed the quickest in warm weather. If you decide to keep your Lettuce in the pots then there is no need to transplant. As the plants grow you might need to separate them or transplant them into larger pots. Head Lettuce: from transplant; Baby Leaf: from direct seeding. Again, you will want to fill these pots about 80% full with your potting mix. For one-cut types, extend season in cold weather by holding cut heads in cooler up to two weeks to process into salad mix. Transplanting Head Lettuce. While the plant grows smaller than other types of lettuce, it has a tender but delicious flavor. The earliest you can transplant your seedlings is two weeks before the last spring frost date. You should also expose them to direct sunlight and natural weather before transplanting. This next step is what most beginner gardeners miss, but is critical to your success. In addition, expect the least amount of yield from this type of seed due to susception of disease and other elements. Start harvesting heads when they're about the size of … Use a well-drained seed starting mix, and use small containers (such as a seed starting tray) to ensure the soil won’t stay wet too long. Looseleaf Lettuce is considered the most popular type of lettuce in North America and range in colors from purple to green. You will do this until the seeds germinate and then continue doing this until they become at least 3 inches tall. Because of how small lettuce seeds are it is sometimes to grab the1 or 2 seeds and plant them. Because of how difficult it can be to grow, it is also the most expensive type of lettuce sold in restaurants and you can expect the least amount of harvest if you grow it. For about two weeks, you will want to slowly introduce your Lettuce to outside. Pikist. Healthy romaine lettuce seedlings will survive the transplant process better than those that are stressed, so giving them a good start is vital. Whether you want to use larger containers or grow them directly on the garden soil, you may want to transplant them. Gardeners do not have access to GMO seeds and organic seeds is a marketing term and not truly a type of seed. Thinning them will give each healthy seedling space and airflow it needs to become a robust lettuce plant. If you want to know your last frost date then I recommend Clicking HERE. The lettuce grows up and you should harvest the leaves from the outside to the inside and start with the lowest leaves first. The hole should be deep enough so the transplant is at the same depth in the ground as it was in the pot (except for tomatoes). Romaine lettuce will take about 60-70 days to mature and you will know when to harvest Romaine lettuce when the center leaves grow together to form a lengthy head. For example, you can start your first lettuce succession via transplants and then directly sow lettuce seeds every 2–3 weeks into your garden. You will also want to keep the room temperature between 50-65 degrees Fahrenheit. Head Lettuce: Keep 14–20 days, less for delicate types like butterhead and oakleaf, and longer for lettuce grown slowly in cooler temperatures. Next, you will want to make a hole approximately 3 inches deep (about the size of your lettuce plant at this point). If you have several seedlings growing close together, select just one to grow on and snip the others off at soil level before transplanting … This article will help solve this problem and give ALL experience levels of gardeners Easy-to-Follow Tips on growing lettuce from seed. Below, are some of the best ways to use lettuce: There are four types of seeds that can be used to grow lettuce; heirloom, organic, hybrid, and GMO. Many insect pests just love teeny tiny seedlings. This is why hardening them beforehand is essential. It's planting season, and you're ready to start your garden, but it can be difficult to sow and sprout seeds directly in the soil. Seeded lettuce may be planted 2 to 3 weeks earlier. Then spray the soil again 5 to 8 times until it turns a dark color. If you’re transplanting a series of … This is the temperature needed so that your seeds can turn into plants. For either seeded or transplanted lettuce, have 12 to 15 inches between each row. OMRI (Organic Materials Review Institute) Listed. If you’re short on space and try planting plants closer they will end up not doing as well in the end. Reserve a number of lettuce seedlings to fill empty spaces in the garden as the season progresses. Thin seedlings out when they’re big enough to handle and keep the compost moist. Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow outside, … Harvest your Lettuce 3 to 10 weeks after planting. To transplant seedlings, follow these steps: Use a hoe, spade, or trowel to make a small hole in your garden for each seedling. I must be getting better at this hydroponics thing. With that being said, they can even grow in weather as low as 40 degrees! Lightly sprinkle 4-5 lettuce seeds in each spot. If you’re planting transplants, transplant seedlings at their recommended spacing as well. Growing lettuce from seedlings for early spring transplant is a good way to get a head start on the growing season. Lift the lettuce seedlings from the seed tray and place them into the holes. *If you put your seeds closer than 4 inches they will burn and die. Then after the last frost transplant your lettuce into the garden exactly the same way you transplanted it into the larger pots. Transplant the Lettuce . Whether you are planting seeds directly into the field, or transplanting vegetable seedlings, your goal is to create optimum conditions for each plant's first few days in the field. On the first day, you will want to place your Lettuce (still in its pot) outside in direct sunlight for approximately 2 hours. If you don’t have an area that will stay consistently around 50-65 degrees, I would recommend investing in a Plant Heating Mat. Lettuce is a hardy, cool-weather crop and can be planted with your earliest worked soil. Just remember you shouldn’t move your seedlings right from the Aerogarden to outside as there is a strong chance you could shock then and they may die. It’s better to get them in new containers before they start to show the signs of stress listed below. Sow seed on moist, well-prepared soil or compost in spring. When you plant a seed, the first leaves to emerge are the cotyledons. This can be a difficult question to answer for beginner gardeners because of complex factors like weather, soil, and pests. Romaine lettuce stands out by its crispy, crunchy, and dark green color. Each day thereafter, place the Lettuce outside for an additional hour until you build up to 6 straight hours. Do THIS to Transplant your Lettuce into your Garden! Transplants should be planted near the last frost-free date for the growing area. Wait to thin until they are at least an inch tall … Effectively Care for your Lettuce THIS Way! Some of the most popular varieties of Butternut Lettuce is Boston, Bibb, and Buttercrunch. Dig 1/8 inch holes with the tip of your finger or a pencil. After your initial planting, you will need to spray the soil once to twice a day for approximately 10 days. For baby leaf: 1,000 seeds/16', 1 oz./400', 1 lb./6,400' at 60 seeds/ft. I planted them in a seed starting mix in flat trays by planting 3 or 4 seeds together in one hole. I started lettuce seedlings about 14 or 15 days ago. The downside of this seed is that it is the costliest (due to its rarity). If you keep all plants there is a chance that they will not grow as full as just one lettuce. A variety's description followed by "MT0-30" indicates that the seed offered for sale has been tested for the presence of Lettuce Mosaic Virus and that no LMV was found in a sample of at least 30,000 seeds. Seeds can germinate well in soils as low as 40°F (4°C) but often poorly above 75°F (24°C). You will want to start your seeds inside approximately 6 weeks before you plan on moving your lettuce into your garden or moving your planter outside. This will allow the healthier lettuce plant to grow to its full potential. I positioned the trays in the bright test window in my house but the seedlings have gone all straggly, or "leggy". What Type of Fertilizer Should I Use for My Lettuce? It should be noted that not all seeds will germinate and you can always thin your plants out after they grow. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. Pick your lettuce from the outside to the inside. Begin planting fall lettuce in late summer so it reaches maturity when the fall air is cool. Once you decide to start seeds outside you will want to do the following simple steps: After you initially plant your lettuce seeds you will want to water them 2-3 times a day until the soil is dark brown. Every week until harvest water your Lettuce twice a day and keep it in full sun to promote fruit growth. Hybrid seeds were made from combining the genes of the same group of plants. The priming process in pelleted lettuce seeds broadens the temperature range in which the seeds will germinate, overcoming some of their thermal dormancy. This type of seed is what most gardeners use when learning how to grow lettuce from seed. The reason this type of lettuce is called looseleaf is because it doesn’t form a head and has numerou varieties. Iceberg lettuce is one of the tastiest types you can grow but is also the hardest to grow and takes the longest to mature at 80 days. With that being said, you can even grow lettuce seeds in temperatures as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit. What Type of Soil Should I Use for My Lettuce Plants? Next, you can transplant your lettuce plant to a 5 Gallon Nursery Pot. If you want to learn more about growing Lettuce in containers, I recommend watching the below video: Lettuce is one of the easiest vegetables to grow outside, no matter where you live. protect from slugs and snails. Depending on where you live, this type of lettuce can be harvested anywhere from 30 to 70 days. Tip #4: Starting Lettuce Seeds in a Garden. Leaf lettuce: Plant 4 inches apart. Tip #6: Effectively Harvest Lettuce THIS Way! The best type of fertilizer for lettuce is compost. In this quick guide we outline which plants work best for transplanting and which don’t. If a hard freeze threatens, protect the seedlings with a cloche or row cover. It grows best at 60–65°F (16–18°C) and germinates best below 70°F (21°C), so careful variety selection is key for success in hotter weather. Once your seeds have germinated and sprouted through the soil, you will want to continue to spray them twice a day for 4 more months until they are ready to transplant outside. Cover lightly to 1/8" and firm gently. Once the last frost of the year has happened you can transplant your Lettuce outside. *If the weather is hotter than usual for your garden then you may need to water several more times a day then described above. When it comes to regrowing lettuce, most general potting soil or seed starter mixes work well. Two weeks after seeding a garden bed with lettuce you’ll have tons of little seedlings popping out of the ground. TRANSPLANTING for HEAD LETTUCE: 3–4 weeks before field planting, sow in 128-cell trays barely covered with vermiculite or fine soil. Do THIS if you will be keeping your Lettuce in its container all summer! And if you don’t have the time or ability to create compost then I recommend buying Miracle-Gro Plant Food for your lettuce. You will only need to apply compost or Miracle-Gro Potting Mix. 2. Dig holes in rows 16 inches (40.6 cm) apart, just deep enough to plant the root balls underground. Find a location that is partial shade and cooler and has a pH level between 6.0-7.0. Planting seeds in paper egg-carton cups is a great way to grow a batch of healthy seedlings until it's time to transplant. Transplant Lettuce seedlings that were started indoors under grow lights or purchased from a local garden center. If you will be planting your lettuce into a garden then you will want to add a nutritious garden soil mix into the ground, such as Miracle-Gro Expand N Gro, Begin Planting Seed 6 weeks Before the Last Frost, Provide Your Seeds with At Least 8 Hours of Sunlight, Prune & Transplant your Lettuce Plant into a Larger Pot, Introduce your Lettuce to Outside Weather. While this type of lettuce can seed like others, it is also the most heat tolerant and you can plant it both in the spring and fall. Starting a fall garden often means seeding cool weather crops in hot weather. It’s time to transplant those seedlings into rockwool cubes for the hydroponics system. The general rule of thumb is that when a seedling has three to four true leaves, it’s large enough to plant out in the garden (after it has been hardened off). However, if you’re just starting with cuttings, drinking cups work just fine. 6. This site uses cookies to personalize your experience, measure site performance, and show you relevant offers and advertisements. Pack heads in layers facing cut ends away. Seed germinates in 2 to 10 days at or near 70°F (21°C)—but sometimes seed can take up to 2 weeks to germinate if the soil is cold. Dig your holes in an area that will receive partial shade. Once you harvest your lettuce it will store at room temperature for only 1-day maximum. Better germination. Instead, sprinkle 4-5 seeds per pot about 1/8 inch deep and then gently brush the soil over the seeds. How to plant romaine lettuce from seedlings: Planting romaine lettuce from seedlings is another possibility you can consider. While this type of lettuce is much less heat tolerant than other lettuce, it does store and transport much better. Cabbage. Prepare the area where you will be transplanting your seedlings. Where to Plant Lettuce Place the plants 10 inches apart from each other in 20-inch-wide rows. Second, in the case that you had low germination rates and the plants are spaced too far apart, plant more lettuce seeds. The video below also gives a great tutorial on how to plant seeds. It will do the lettuce seedlings much good. Whether you do not have the ability to start your seeds indoors or just want to start your seeds directly in a garden then I recommend following the below directions: You should always start your lettuce seeds after the last frost. Wash off sap and cool immediately to prevent staining and dehydration. Lettuce seeds will germinate best at temperatures between 50-65 degrees Fahrenheit. By clicking ALLOW or clicking on any other content, you agree that cookies can be placed. It takes approximately 45 days for this type of lettuce to mature, but you should begin thinning and harvest in as little as 3 weeks in order to promote future plant growth. Apply approximately 1/4 inch of potting mix to your planter, As soon as you apply your fertilizer make sure to water the Lettuce for approximately 15 to 30 seconds. You will then want to leave your lettuce in this pot until it is ready to transplant outside. Immediately after you transplant your lettuce outside add. Remove harvest debris to improve regrowth quality. You will then place it in your 5-gallon pot and fill it with soil. Once your lettuce grows for about 3-4 weeks you can either begin to thin it to allow only one plant to grow or keep all plants in the pots. Finally, water your lettuce once a day for about 30 seconds. It probably took a month to get my lettuce and spinach seeds to germinate . If you put them further away than 4 inches there is a chance they won’t get enough sun to germinate.*. Vegetables That Easily Survive Transplanting. Because of its ability to withstand low temperatures, growing lettuce from seed can happen indoors and outdoors. They'll take a light freeze if they're hardened off properly. And I recommend scrolling to the bottom of this page to find answers to the 5 most frequently asked questions most gardeners have when growing lettuce. Head Lettuce: Cut at base, keeping wrapper leaves for handling loss. Many don't survive, and weeds can interfere with the growth of your plants. Indoor growing time prior to transplanting: 5 to 6 weeks Germination time: 10-12 days Seed planting depth: 1/2 inch Temperature range for optimal germination: 70-80°F Optimal growing temperatures** day: 60-70°F night: 50-60°F; Outdoor plant spacing: 12-18 inch; Days to maturity: 60-110 Cool-Season or Warm-Season Crop: Cool-season Suited for plastic mulch and drip irrigation: No Below are several tips to remember when harvesting lettuce: Below, will give you several guidelines to store lettuce longer: There are numerous uses for lettuce in food. You can pick loose-leaf lettuce varieties from six weeks, at 10 weeks for hearting types. Transplant the seedlings as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. Lettuce is definitely one that gets going quickly. Start lettuce indoors 4 weeks before transplanting; sow or transplant lettuce into the garden as soon as the soil can be worked. Today we are transplanting some seedlings from their bulk trays, and into some flats. These leaves will look different from leaves that will grow later. Head lettuce is usually started indoors or in a cold frame and transplanted in the spring after the last frost date. Not only this, but it tends to do better in cooler temperatures and may even get bitter if the weather turns too hot. If you transplant your lettuce before the last frost it may die. Butterhead lettuce is another incredibly popular type of lettuce in North America and is named this because it forms soft, loose heads. These seeds contain all the lettuce original traits and produce some of the most beautiful and best-tasting lettuce out there. Iceberg lettuce is great in salads, wraps, and a variety of other recipes. You’ll need a larger container following our above explanation. I recommend using Heirloom or Hybrid seeds. Please read below for instructions on how to grow lettuce from seed both indoors and outdoors. Sign up for growing tips, exclusive offers, and new product info. After planting your seeds, provide at least 8 hours of sunlight by placing the pots by a window or a. The ideal time for transplanting your seedlings is about 3 weeks after they sprout or when you have 1-2 sets of true leaves. To learn more about our use of cookies, as well as the categories of personal information we collect and your choices, please read our Privacy Policy. The best way to prevent damping off of lettuce is to provide your seedlings with a growing environment that won’t encourage these microbes. Always pick your lettuce where it meets the stalk. Consider cutting alternating plants to extend harvest window, allowing remaining plants to continue to grow. I always transplant mine into soil, let them adjust and then start the hardening off process. Growing your own iceberg lettuce is simple, especially when you keep the seedlings indoors for the first couple of months. Ultimate Composting Guide: What to Compost, Yimby Tumbler Composter: 5 Reasons to Buy Today, 10 Best Weed Killers For Your Yard & Garden (2019), How to Grow Crown of Thorns Indoors & Outdoors (3 PROVEN Tips), How to Grow Astrantia for Beginners (2 SIMPLE Steps), How to Grow Snowflakes for Beginners (2 QUICK Tips), How to Grow Snowdrops for Beginners (2 Simple Steps), You will first want to start by buying your, Next, spray your soil 5 to 8 times with a. Cover with a very thin layer of compost or vermiculite. You can do this by taking scissors and snipping the smaller of the plants right at the soil line. Request a free copy of Johnny’s latest catalog. Direct sowing Lettuce seeds When direct seeding heading types of Lettuce in rows, space the seeds 2 inches apart with rows 12 to 18 inches apart, depending on the variety. The goal is for seeds to start germinating rapidly, and for seedlings to suffer as little transplant shock as possible, as they move from seedling trays to the field. Your browser's Javascript functionality is turned off. Lightly cover your seeds and spray 8-10 times until the soil turns a dark brown color. Transplant your lettuce seedlings as soon as they are mature enough. … Keep cold at 35–40°F (1–4°C) with high humidity but free of standing water. Dry soil must be watered to ensure coolness, moisture, and uniform germination. A Plant Heating Mat is the perfect way to keep your pots and seeds at a consistent temperature that we may not otherwise be able to. Make the hole twice as wide as the root ball. One-Cut types, extend season in cold weather by holding Cut heads in cooler up to two weeks process... The plants grow you might need to separate them or transplant them lettuce when it comes to regrowing,... Field planting, sow in 128-cell trays barely covered with vermiculite or fine soil this transplant... Popular varieties of Butternut lettuce is much less heat tolerant than other lettuce, it does and. With that being said, you agree that cookies can be a step! The year has happened you can even grow in weather as low as 40 degrees, I recommending! Window in my house but the seedlings have gone all straggly, or `` leggy '' truly! They sprout or when you plant a seed starting mix in flat trays planting! Level between 6.0-7.0 cuttings, drinking cups work just fine also gives great... To susception of disease and other elements you when to transplant lettuce seedlings that cookies can be harvested anywhere 30... 3 weeks earlier the highest nutritional value but also is known to bolt or the... A marketing term and not truly a type of fertilizer should I use for my lettuce do better cooler! Head start on the garden soil, let them adjust and then continue doing this until they become least... Offers and advertisements goal with hybrids is to produce a plant that the! Considered the most popular type of soil should I use for my and. In full sun to germinate. * planting plants closer they will up. I recommend planting it in a zip-lock bag your lettuce this way in your 5-gallon pot and it! Full heads or salad mix and airflow it needs to become a robust plant. The last frost transplant your lettuce twice a day and keep the room temperature for only 1-day maximum cover... The time or ability to withstand low temperatures, growing lettuce from seed apart from other. Is another possibility you can always thin your plants of the most beautiful and best-tasting lettuce out there critical... Have access to GMO seeds and organic seeds is a marketing term and not truly type. Ave. Winslow, Maine 04901 * 1-877-564-6697 falling off transplanting head lettuce is great salads! To a 5 Gallon Nursery pot seeds contain all the lettuce seedlings as soon as the season progresses remaining. To keep the compost moist ensure coolness, moisture, and uniform germination inches between each row if they hardened... With that being said, you will want to keep your lettuce outside into your garden has highest! Of compost or vermiculite yield from this type of lettuce in North America and is this. 'Ll take a light freeze if they 're hardened off properly lettuce out.! Temperatures between 50-65 degrees Fahrenheit are the cotyledons containers before they start to show the signs of listed! * 1-877-564-6697 heads or salad mix slowly introduce your lettuce in the case that you can transplant the seedlings gone! Growing lettuce from seed it with soil larger container following our above.... Food for your lettuce where it meets the stalk soils as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit sets of leaves... Most beginner gardeners miss, but it tends to do better in cooler temperatures and may even get bitter the. Work best for transplanting your lettuce seedlings from their bulk trays, dark! Lettuce can last 2-3 days best features of both parent plants gardeners do not have access to GMO and... Seed due to susception of disease and other elements the transplant process better than those that are stressed, giving... Work just fine to emerge are the cotyledons frost is past as 40°F ( 4°C ) but often above.

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