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caspian sea rehiyon

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Caspian Sea (kăs`pēən), Lat. The Caspian Sea, the world’s largest enclosed, inland body of water, with an area of 386,400 square kilometers and a salinity of 1.2% concentration, is located between Europe and Asia. History records that it's called a sea because the Romans found it salty, especially in the southern reaches, and the name stuck. To the north of Absheron peninsula the amount of precipitation makes 400-430 mm. It is the largest enclosed inland body of water, and thus sometimes referred to as a sea.Caspian Sea’s surface area is 378,000 km2 or 143,200 sq mi, and it boasts a volume of 78,200 km3. Mare Caspium or Mare Hyrcanium, salt lake, c.144,000 sq mi (373,000 sq km), between Europe and Asia; the largest lake in the world. Caspian Iran, also known as Northern Iran, is a beautiful region of Iran along the coast of the Caspian Sea. Generally, the cloudiness on western coast of Middle Caspian is the greatest in all seasons that is … Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan were the most determined in the search for closer cooperation with Western states. It is estimated that the Caspian contains 48 billion barrels of oil and 8.7 trillion cubic meters of gas in proven or probable reserves. The eastern coast is marked by several deep inlets and bays, most of which are very shallow. Most of the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea is dry, with the extreme southeastern corner leading directly onto the Kara Kum Desert. The average annual distribution of humidity is shown in Figure 3.2. The average wind speeds are sizably lower in South Caspian: in central areas - 4-5 m/sec, on eastern coast - 3,5-4 m/sec, on the outside southeast -2,5-3 m/sec. In this section the Caspian climate is described. These parts are also very low-lying: The lowest point in Europe is the surface of the Caspian Sea, 89 ft (27 m) below sea level. But no rivers flow out of the Caspian, and most of the water is lost through evaporation. "The Caspian Sea and the lands around it are emerging again as a focus region in global affairs. The ‘Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea’, signed by the five littoral states on 12 August, is an important step for regional security and economic development. The sea contains large volumes of oil and natural gas reserves both in offshore deposits and in onshore fields in the immediate region. The largest difference of monthly average airtemperatures is a little bit higher at the South Caspian shoreline (22° - 24°C), near the west coast it equals 21° - 24 °C (at shoreline 22 - 25 °C), near the northeastern coast it equals 24 - 25°C (increases at the shoreline up to 28°C). It would be reasonable to assume that the Caspian Sea is, well, a sea. The annual average wind speeds are 5,0-6,3 m/sec from northern and eastern coast of Caspian to Gara-Bogaz-Gol Gulf and increase up 7 m/sec around Mangishlag peninsula and capes. The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Direction and strength of wind blowing over Caspian are determined by three factors: distinctive general circulation of an atmosphere, field of temperature that is created by the sea itself and a relief of its coasts. On the Iranian coast it falls out about 1000-1200 mm of precipitation per year because of humid climate. The highest humidity of air on western coast is marked in northern part of Azerbaijan coast (87%), the lowest - in Apsheron (75-77%). Distribution of average cloudiness is more uniform in the summer. The Caspian Sea, like the Black Sea, is a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea. Its volume is 78,200 cubic kilometres (18,800 cubic miles). Soviet Volga dam projects significantly lowered the levels of the Caspian in general from the 1930s to the 1970s, when environmental damage became too great to continue to be ignored. Their values are 8-9m/sek in the area of Absheron peninsula. This bay is considered the world's largest lagoon, as it is mostly cut off from the main body of water by sand bars. The area has significant oil and natural gas reserves from both offshore deposits in the Caspian Sea itself and onshore fields in the Caspian basin. The humidity of air does not change much in the cold period of year, making 80-87% on western coast and 75-80% on eastern coast. The radiation balance is positive since March till October for all water area of the sea and has maximal values in June and July (11-12 k.kal/sm2 per month). The average annual airtemperature above the Caspian Sea changes from 10oC in the north to 17°C in the south. This paper illustrates the need for objective assessment … Generally, the cloudiness on western coast of Middle Caspian is the greatest in all seasons that is connected with cyclonic activity in this area (Fig. The Caspian stretches for over 620 mi (1,000 km) from north to south, and between 125 and 250 mi (200 and 400 km) east to west, totaling 143,270 square mi (393,000 square km) in area. This period the humidity changes within 55-60% limits. Most famous of the Caspian fish are its sturgeon (90 percent of the world's catch), prized for their caviar. In the cold part of a year (December-February), when the intensity of an atmosphere circulation above Middle and South Caspian increases, the average wind speeds reaches 7-7,5 m/sec. In contrast, the southern and western shores are more steep, culminating in the nearly vertical walls along the southern coast where the ELBURZ and Talysh mountains of Iran come down to the sea. The Caspian's strategic importance lies in its abundance of energy resources. It is bordered on the northeast by Kazakhstan, on the southeast by Turkmenistan, on the south by Iran, on the southwest by Azerbaijan, and on the northwest by Russia. Despite significant physiographic dissimilarity the water area of Caspian and its shoreline may be divided into regions with relatively stable regime of a wind direction. The wind speed sometimes reaches 40 m/sec there. Ang dagat ng Caspian ay matatagpuan sa Europe at Asia. On the Iranian coast the humidity is more than 70%. Genetic research has identified this region as the most probable place where horses were first domesticated. For the original maps you can search the maps catalogue to find the owner. The disposition of Caspian Sea in rather low latitudes causes intensive influx of solar radiation. It is unique among the world's inland seas in that it is completely isolated from the rest of the global ocean and has a distinctive continental climate which gives the area extremes in temperature, from very hot summers to very cold winters. The Caspian Sea is, by standard definition, the largest lake on Earth. Napakapopular ng dagat na ito dahil sa kanyang lokasyon. The deal officially ended a 22-year-old impasse as all interested countries finally managed to reach a consensus. The land near the Caspian Sea coastline is known for having some of the lowest above-water elevations in the world. Five countries border the Caspian Sea. Other major ports include Astrakhan, Derbent, and the former Soviet naval station at Krasnovodsk, now in Turkmenistan. The Caspian Sea region is one of the oldest oil-producing areas in the world and is an increasingly important source of global energy production. When waters from these bays evaporate, significant valuable chemical compounds are left behind. A decades-long legal dispute over the status of the Caspian Sea is finally resolved, meaning Azerbaijan, Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan will soon be open to luxury cruise trips. The greatest average speeds are observed in the middle part of the sea and are on average 6-7 m/sec per a year. Solar radiation The country has a few cities located on or near the shores of the Caspian Sae, including Zhanbay, Atyrau, Fort Shevchenko, and Tcov. Within Northern Caspian it comes down to 50k.kal/sm2, within Middle and South Caspian it reaches 65 k.kal/sm2. THE CASPIAN SEA IS ONE of the world's largest bodies of water, situated in a depression between RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN, TURKMENISTAN, IRAN, and AZERBAIJAN.It is unique among the world's inland seas in that it is completely isolated from the rest of the global ocean and has a distinctive continental climate which gives the area extremes in temperature, from very hot summers to very cold winters. Cloud cover The Caspian Sea’ws unique fish resources and oil and gas fields are projected to provide a significant source of food and economic prosperity to the Caspian region, as well as energy to many parts of the world. The Caspians (Persian: کاسپین ‎; Greek: Κάσπιοι, Kaspioi; Aramaic: kspy; Latin: Caspi, Caspiani) were a people of antiquity who dwelt along the southwestern shores of the Caspian Sea, in the region known as Caspiane. The Caspian region is now one of … The Caspian was the first place to begin marine extraction of oil and is now one of the most carefully examined regions of the world for future potential in oil and natural gas, particularly in the sandy lowlands and the Mangyshlak and Cheleken peninsulas along the eastern coast. The average speed within the water area of the sea is 5,7 m/sec. This is aided by the fact that much of the Caspian is very shallow, particularly in the north and the east. Increase of temperature from March to July occurs uniformly. The Caspian Sea, located in western Asia on the eastern edges of Europe, is the largest lake on the planet. In summer monthly average airtemperature at sea is 24- 26 °C; The highest value can be found in the southeastern area in Krasnovodsk where the airtemperature is near 28oC. The cloudiness above Caspian Sea is more in the winter than in other seasons of year and its value changes form 5,5 ball on the southeast to 8 balls on the northwest. The radiation balance for all water area of the sea is positive and averages out 60 k.kal/sm2. Map is showing the Caspian Sea, an inland sea at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The spring range of cloudiness variation compounds from 3,2 to 6,8 balls, moreover it increases from the southeast to the northwest. 3.4). Several rivers flow into the Caspian Sea, most notably the VOLGA and the Ural in the far north and the Terek, Sulak and Kura rivers from Daghestan and the Caucasus to the west. Introduction . Wind At the height of the Soviet era, this seal was made complete and the bay completely disappeared (a disappearance of several thousand square kilometers of water). Eastern coast distinguishes by dryness, and the maximum quantity of perceptions does not exceed 10-20mm there. Its seafloor is, therefore, a standard oceanic basalt and not a continental granite body. The Caspian also suffers from pollution, primarily close to industrial centers and oil refineries along the Apsheron Peninsula of Azerbaijan, and its major city, Baku. If implemented, the region is likely to be defined by Russia’s geopolitical ambitions and Iran’s geo-economic anxieties in the near future. The lake is endorheic (meaning it has no outflows), and sits at the border between Europe and Asia. It is the story of humans depleting and destroying the free gifts of the world. The coldest month above the southwestern and central areas of the sea is February. But extraction of chemical compounds was actually made more difficult than envisioned, and since the 1980s, the project has been reversed, and water is returning to Kara-Bogaz-Gol. The most significant Iranian port on the Caspian Sea is the town of Bandar-e Anzali, the center of the Iranian caviar producing industry. The term Ponto-Caspian region is used in biogeography of the flora and fauna of these steppes, including animals from the Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Azov Sea. Sea life in the Caspian has mostly been cut off from other marine populations for millions of years, though recently there has been some colonization of Mediterranean species via the Don-Volga Canal. The southwestern areas are also mountainous, consisting of the easternmost reaches of the CAUCASUS mountain ranges. The humidity of the air above the Caspian Sea increases from south to north at high sea and from east to west on shorelines. There have been many incidences of other commons being destroyed like, the Black Sea, depleted fisheries, and other parts of the ocean. International Law and Concers of the Caspian Sea Region . With security of energy supply high on the international agenda, and with fears of resource shortages re-surfacing, the countries of the Caspian region are stepping onto the global stage, claiming for themselves new roles as providers of resources to the world. It also increases towards the high sea. The Caspian Sea is the largest lake on Earth by both area and volume.It has a surface area of 371,000 square kilometres (143,000 square miles). The Caspian is also home to large populations of seals, which are also hunted for their furs. It oscillates from 210 (Neft Dashlari) to 1250mm(Lenkoran zone) of precipitation per year on western coast of southern part of the sea. (Fig.1.3). It changes within 2,4-3,9 balls limits over the most part of water area and over shoreline. The seafloor drops most dramatically in this region as well, with the Caspian's greatest depths over 3,300 ft (1,000 m). Russia, Turkmenistan Join Forces to Improve Maritime Transport in the Caspian Sea By Azamat Batyrov November 25, 2020 A new cargo and passenger seaport in the city of Turkmenbashi is capable of handling 17 million tons of goods per year with … Caspian Sea Region: Regional Conflicts. In the high sea it decreases from 90% at the central parts of Middle Caspian to 85% at center of South Caspian. There are 115 species of fish, of which some are anadromous migrating from the Caspian up the rivers to spawn. General regularity of a regime of direction is such that the winds of northern (Northwest, North, and Northeast) and southeastern directions dominate above the sea the most part of a year. The Caspian is the largest salt lake in the world, but that has not always been true. More often they are observed in the winter (41,3%), when the stable cyclones form above areas of Kazahkstan and Central Asia. Namely, these are Russia and Azerbaijan to the northwest and west, respectively, Kazakhstanand Turkmenistan to the northeast and southeast, respectively, and Iran to the south. It holds much of the world's lacustrine (lake-associated) water: 18,881 cubic mi (78,700 cubic km) of mixed salty and brackish fresh water. (Comparable evaporite be… In the high sea it reaches value of 80%. Humidity Many of the proposed export routes pass … During warm and dry climatic periods, the landlocked sea almost dried up, depositing evaporitic sediments like halite that were covered by wind-blown deposits and were sealed off as an evaporite sinkwhen cool, wet climates refilled the basin. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began pumping through a new pipeline (built by a BP-led consortium) to the Turkish seaport of Ceyhan. Distribution of precipitation above water area is extremely uneven. 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